Affidavit of Support I-864
Immigrant Affidavit of Support I-864
One of the most burdensome issues in most family-based visa applications is the paperwork and obligations for an affidavit of support. Mistakes in completing the I-864 and insufficient financial evidence are common reasons for delays with applications for immigrant visas or for adjustment of status.
By law, an intended immigrant family member must demonstrate that he will not become a public charge by relying on welfare for support. The immigration forms used to do this are USCIS Form I-864 or I-864EZ. The immigrant must submit the applicable form signed by his sponsor when adjusting status to permanent residency (with form I-485 USCIS application) or when filing immigrant visa applications (form DS-260) with the National Visa Center (NVC). A completed and signed affidavit of support is a binding legal contract between the Federal government and the petitioner.
Most family-based immigrants and some employment-based immigrant cases require this form to check that intended immigrants have adequate financial support and are unlikely to rely on welfare for support.
Common issues with affidavit of support i-864
Some common reasons people have problems with affidavits of support in practice are:
- Including family members on affidavit of support i-864 who are not derivatives beneficiaries of the principal immigrant – not using separate forms for visa applicants who are immediate relatives.
- Insufficient documentation of income
- Sponsor makes insufficient income or the i-864 sponsor is unemployed or retired
- Sponsor failed to file income tax returns when he had a duty to do so
- Sponsor has incorrect filing status (e.g. filed as head of household or single when married)
- Sponsor lacks assets to supplement income
- Valuation of I-864 assets to supplement income (e.g. How much is my Jimmy Hendrick’s guitar really worth?)
- Ignoring liabilities on assets
- Self-employed income (my business makes $600,00 per year but because of depreciation and write-offs I declare a loss on my personal income tax returns)
- Finding a willing and qualified joint sponsor
- Using an outdated edition of form I-864
I-864 Filing Fee
You are not required to pay a fee when you file with USCIS for permanent resident adjustment or abroad with the Department of State (DOS). DOS does, however, charge a fee when this form is filed in the U.S.. For more information, please visit the Department of State website.
Income Requirement for an I-864 Sponsor
You also must meet certain income requirements (whether you are a sponsor, a joint sponsor, or a substitute sponsor). You must show that your household income is equal to or higher than 125% of the U.S. poverty level for your household size. Your household for affidavit of support purposes includes you, your dependents, any relatives living with you, and the immigrants you are sponsoring.
If you, the sponsor, are on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States, and the immigrant you are sponsoring is your spouse or child, your income only needs to equal 100% of the U.S. poverty level for your household size.
To see if you are above the poverty level, review “Form I-864P”.
How to File an Affidavit of Support You, the sponsor, should download and complete the current Form I-864 when the National Visa Center instructs the the beneficiary of your petition to submit affidavit of support and immigrant visa forms after the requested fees have been paid. In addition your foreign relative may need an affidavit of support for his immigrant visa interview with a consular officer overseas or when he is about to submit an application for adjustment to permanent resident status with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) or with an Immigration Court in the United States.
If you cannot meet the minimum income requirements using your earned income, you have various options:
- You may add the net cash value of your assets (gross value – minus liabilities, if any). This includes money in savings accounts, stocks, bonds, other personal property and and real estate. To find the amount of assets required to qualify, subtract your household income from the minimum income requirement (125% of the poverty level for your family size). You must prove the cash value of your I-864 assets is worth five times this difference (the amount left over) or three times if the visa application is based upon a marriage petition.
- If the person being sponsored is a spouse, or son/daughter (who is 18 years or older) of a U.S. citizen: The least cash value of assets must be three times the difference between the sponsor’s household income and 125% of the federal poverty guideline for the household.
- If the person being sponsored is an orphan coming to the United States for adoption: The adoptive parents’ assets merely needs to equal or exceed the difference between the household income and 125% of the federal poverty line for the household size.
Besides using your assets, you may also count the income and assets of members of your household who are related to you by birth, marriage, or adoption. To use their income you must have listed them as dependents on your most recent federal tax return or they must have lived with you for the last 6 months. You and the household member must also complete a Form I-864A, Contract between Sponsor and Household Member. If the relative you are sponsoring meets these criteria you may include the value of their income and assets, but the immigrant does not need to complete Form I-864A unless he or she has accompanying family members.
- You may count the assets of the relatives you are sponsoring.
Responsibilities as an I-864 Sponsor:
When you sign the affidavit of support, you accept legal responsibility for financially supporting the sponsored immigrant(s) generally until they become U.S. citizens or get credited with 40 quarters of work. Your obligation also ends if you or the person sponsored dies or if the person sponsored departs the United States and gives up permanent resident status by executing form I-407 at a US consulate.
Note: Divorce does NOT end the sponsorship obligation.
If the person you sponsored receives any “means-tested public benefits,” you may be held responsible for repaying the cost of those benefits to the agency that provided them. If you do not repay the debt, the agency can sue you in court to get the money owed. Any joint sponsors or household members whose income is used to meet the minimum income requirements are also legally responsible for financially supporting the sponsored immigrant. Be sure to read the Sponsor’s contract or statement on Form I-864 before signing.
If you have any questions about your liability as a sponsor please seek immigration legal advice from independent legal counsel. If you are an intended immigrant through marriage, you may have questions about whether the person you intended to marry is a qualified sponsor for affidavit of support purposes. Do not wait until after the marriage to find out. Get advice early.
Be informed – where to get further information and immigration legal advice
Be sure to read affidavit of support i 864 form instructions.
For further information please see links below:
If you petitioned for a family member and need immigration legal advice for an affidavit of support problem or other family immigration matter, please contact us for a consultation with our attorney for immigration.